Zoning Referral Process
View or download a County Planning Board Referral Form.
Applications That Should Be Referred
The following municipal actions may be subject to County Planning Board review:
By law, the application or amendment must be referred to the County Planning Board if it applies to real property within 500 feet of:
The municipal board which has jurisdiction over the application is responsible for referring it to the County Planning Board. This may be the Planning Board, the town or village board, or the Zoning Board of Appeals, depending on the type of application.
Maps Showing 500-foot Referral Triggers
When Referrals can be Exempted from Review
In accordance with the General Municipal Law, Livingston County is authorized to enter into agreement with each municipality in the county to except County Planning Board referral and review of certain local zoning and subdivision actions. The purpose of such agreements is to eliminate the need for local referral and county review of certain local zoning and subdivision actions that do not have inter-community or county-wide impacts.
Municipalities with agreements in place
Contact the Planning Department or the local municipality to learn more about exemption agreements with the county.
If the application is subject to county review, the municipal board sends a copy of the application and a County Planning Board Zoning Referral Form to the County Planning Board.
Full Statement / Complete Application
A full statement includes the following information:
For each referral, the board considers:
After review, the County Planning Board sends its recommendation with supporting comments back to the municipal board.
The board's recommendation may be an approval, approval with modifications, disapproval, or no significant county-wide or inter-community impact. A recommendation of "no significant countywide or inter-community impact" should not be construed as a judgment on a particular project.
Effects on Local Decision-Making
The municipal board can make its final decision on the application after it receives the County Planning Board's recommendation. The municipal board is not obligated to follow the County Planning Board's recommendation. However, if the County Planning Board recommends disapproval or approval with modifications, the municipal board's vote to approve the application must be supported by a supermajority (majority plus one), rather than a simple majority. In addition, the municipal board must adopt a resolution listing the reasons for its decision.
Time Schedule for Referrals
The County Planning Board and Planning Department make every effort to respond to referrals promptly and to accommodate the locally required time limits. The deadline for submitting referrals for County Planning Board review is the Monday of the week prior to the County Planning Board's regular monthly meeting. If the board receives a complete referral after the referral deadline, review will be delayed until the following month. See a list of submission deadlines.
If the county does not respond within 30 days of receipt of the full statement / complete application, the local board may proceed. However, if the 30-day county response period has lapsed, and the county sends a recommendation of disapproval or approval with modification to the local board at least two days prior to the local board's vote, the local board can only override the county's recommendation with a supermajority vote.
Legal Consequences of Neglecting Referrals
Neglecting a "239" zoning referral to the County Planning Board may constitute a "procedural error," which could legally invalidate a local land use decision. If challenged in court, a local decision on an application may be overturned if the municipality failed to make the proper zoning referral to the County Planning Board. As on all legal matters, to clarify these legal implications, the municipal board should contact its town or village attorney.
Notification of Final Action
The Planning Board will send a "Notification of Final Action" to the municipality along with its recommendation. To comply with state law, the municipal board should report on its final action within one week of making its final decision on the application by completing and sending the "Notice of Final Action" to the County Planning Board via email at Livingston County Planning Board.